GRUPOS DE INVESTIGAÇÃO - Research groups
 
Morfologias e Dinâmicas do Território - Territory Dynamics and Morphologies   MDT [RG-145-1910]
coordinator Teresa Manuel Almeida CALIX Augusto

RESEARCH AREA
Art Studies
LOCATION OF GROUP (Host Institution)
Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade do Porto
KEYWORDS
Urban studies, Urban planning, Built environment

OBJECTIVES
The objectives and scope of research focus on processes and forms of extensive urbanization, clearly favoring the most recent and highly contracting realities of the new geographies created by the "urban explosion" of the last 50 years. The geographical patterns and characteristics of this urbanization are not easily explained, not by demographic changes, nor by the logic of the land market, nor by a model of planning (or their deficits and dysfunctions). By extension, the changes in the forms and processes of urbanization also play the very transformation of the old / consolidated city, as well as how to consider the classical themes like the relationship between urban planning and city architecture or the importance of accommodation production and forms of inhabit.
The main objectives of this research are (1) to observe, understand and explain the structure of extensive or diffused urbanization - axes, conurbations, urban cores, low density areas -, and (2) to explore relationships between form, dynamics and factors of production of such territory. Unlike the "concentrated" city (isolated and distinct from the surrounding territory) and the conventional views of metropolitan areas (restricted to center/periphery model), the work seeks to demonstrate and explain the complex nature of these patterns of urbanization, confronting them with the social and technological changes affecting the new paradigms of residence, mobility and location of economic activity. In short, the aim is to understand what is changing in the organization of society and the resultant of these dynamics in terms of territory production, or mode of urbanization. Policies / programs of public housing deserve a special approach; the context of urbanization must be contrasted between emerging forms and processes, or other older and more consolidated.
This analysis is crucial to understand the context in which urban regulations and the kind of constraints that exist between expectations and results develop. The challenges to the new models of urban regulations must be based and informed on real problems and opportunities.
The definition of the criteria for the organization of urbanized areas, the ranking of problems and actions, or the complexity of the institutional architecture, administrative and political bodies who have responsibility for the regulation of territorial dynamics, etc.., can be problematized only if the complexity of geographical location of new development and this metamorphosis of the "city" to "urban field" are known.
Another dimension of urbanization is the very radical changes of "rural". From simple and generic territory (rural was not what the city and on which it unfolded), the truth is that the residual nature of the agricultural economy - the economic base of rural life - today represents about 2.8% of national GDP and employment. Thus, by default, everything is urban: society, economy, territory, life styles, etc.. This issue requires innovation in the analysis, both in conceptual and theoretical support of urbanization, whether in the case studies where the abandonment of agriculture does not mean depopulation, but urbanization and metamorphosis of land and landscape: in one word, the territory.
The CEAU/ FAUP is still developing some doctoral dissertations that, although not directly linked to the main research interest, integrate and complement all that is involved in the diversity and complexity of contemporary urbanization, namely:
a) context of urbanization in S. Tomé and Principe,
b) issues related to resettlement policies and the forms and experiences of public spaces,
c) the transformation of urban space and the relationship between architecture / city.

MAIN ACHIEVEMENTS
The conclusion of the project "Urban Policy II" (financed by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation) about the urban form - its dynamic evolution and the challenges that face the objectives, methods of regulation and management of the city urban areas - was the main result of 2010 (work submitted, under revision and editing of scheduled for the first quarter of 2011).
This research with support from the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, and the previous one related to the La Explosió de la Ciutat (coordinated by A. Font to the Forum Barcelona 2004) led to the deepening of the theme and reinforced the theoretical and analytical framework, involving several researchers and case studies. The opportunity to work with the CCDR.N and CCDR.C for their Regional Plans has provided means, resources and information on patterns of urbanization.
The territorial extension, complexity and diversity of patterns of extensive urbanization - and also of strong mutations in the territories said ex rural or rural - have allowed an in-depth knowledge on the issue at the analytical level and in terms of urban planning regulations and planning.
We are waiting for official approval and publication of PROT North and Centre, in order to publicize research results that are produced directly or indirectly on such Plans.
In our previous report (last year) we decided to organize an exhibition and catalogue that gather and disseminate the improvements of greater relevance in terms of analysis and representation of extensive urbanization. This exhibition / catalogue would be call "a continuous city - cartography of urbanization in central and northern Portugal”.
As a result of theoretical approaches and empirical processes and forms of extensive urbanization was deepened the analysis of urban linear patterns along roads: the "street-road". This theme stems from the importance that roads play in the structuring of extensive urbanization itself, since they are holders of mobility, and drive channels of infrastructure and services for water, sewer, gas and telecommunications. These multiple structural and functional dimensions of the road, explain the intensity of adjacent urbanization and diversity of activities, functions and built forms that are organized according to the network road practicability. The arterial road network (highways) and its nodes are another stream of analysis geared to the neo-clusters that are stepping up - gaining size, functional diversity, employment and polarization effects - along the main access nodes to the arterial network road
Researchers from CEAU associated with this project provide technical support to the Municipality of Guimarães in the review of Local Plan, PDM. Guimarães, being a paradigm of dispersed settlement system, is important to the overall objectives of CEAU-FAUP.
On a strictly academic and teaching plan, the produced research has served to attract young researchers to this issue through the preparation of dissertations and, in smaller numbers, Ph.D.
FAUP offers a Ph.D in Architecture whose profile C “Dynamics and Urban Forms" falls within the objectives of this research group.

PI & RESEARCHERS IN THE GROUP(PhD. Only)
SUCENA Gomes Garcia, Sara Adelaide
PEREIRA, Mariana Abrunhosa de Carvalho Martins
FERNANDES de SÁ, Manuel Pinheiro
PORTAS, Nuno Rodrigo Martins
DOMINGUES, Álvaro António Gomes
BRAZ Afonso, Rui Manuel Trindade
FERNANDES, Ana Luisa da Silva
PINTO, André Luiz Oliveira
CARDOSO, Rui Américo Branco da Silva
SILVA, Luis Pedro Ferreira da
VIEGAS, Luis Sebastião Costa
MEALHA, Rui Manuel Vieira Passos
SCREPANTI, Daniel
CALIX Augusto, Teresa Manuel Almeida

OTHER RESEARCHERS IN THE GROUP (Non PhD)
Carvalho MOREIRA, Bruno Miguel da Silva
TRAVASSO, Nuno Miguel Martins
MARTINS, Marta Ferreira
ANDRADE, Álvaro Vitor Fernandes
CASAS VALLE, Daniel
AMARO, Helena Isabel Barbosa Ferreira
PETIZ, Ana Paula Maia Silva
MARTINS, Ivo Manuel da Silva Poças
LOURIDO, Francisco Manuel Calhau Barrocas de Oliveira